2 Samuel 5:16-25
Joshua 10:1-15 – The Sun Stands Still. When the Gibeonites went to make a pact with Israel, the first thought was that this nation is small and defenseless. Yet, it is a big town with formidable warriors. As a royal city, it was a place of commerce which meant that the king of Jerusalem and the 5 kings of the region could potentially face supply issues. For this reason, the six kings attacked Gibeah to force it into being subservient to the 5 kings. Now, this chapter is a big problem because Joshua called for the sun to stand still until he defeated the six kings. Some scientists believe what happened at that time was an eclipse of the sun. Remember at this time people described in some detail what they saw and what they witnessed. When the book was translated into English, we see “the sun stood still until Joshua defeated the six kings” and so we shake our heads and think the writer was out of his mind. What I think happened and commentary bears it out, is that time seemed to be enlarged although it ticked by at the same speed it always has. As a parallel, when I spend time with the Lord the 3 hours seem much longer because I made use of the time I was given (Time).
Psalms 69:1-15 – Save Me, O G-d. in times of duress and pressure we tend to ask the question “Why is ____ happening”? The thing is, we may never know what precipitated the trouble confronting our lives. In the book of Joshua, the 3000 men were routed by AI and Joshua wanted the Lord to tell him why it occurred and “Why didn’t you let me stay on the other side?”. It was on this rare occasion that the Lord filled in the details (Joshua 7:1-5). David is being hounded on all sides by people demanding something from him although he had committed no error (1-3). When we stand with both feet firmly planted in the Kingdom of G-d and our sins covered in the blood come what may, we’ll make it through the storm. We all have friends sort of like what Job had who point out our flaws as the reasoning behind the struggles we are facing instead of putting on a servant’s towel and supporting us through the mess.
Proverbs 26:15-28 – Proverbs for Life. The Fool, “the morally depraved person”, does not consider the path he/she is laying by his/her actions. Consider the case of Nabal whose actions would have led to his entire family being killed for his inhospitality towards the man who watched over him (1Samuel 25:14-16). While every animal that walks on this planet can be identified by the footprints they leave, the fool is the exception because he/she can disguise their intention through the use of words or lack thereof. The reason the Fool is so hard to figure out is that he/she always has an accomplice “the naïve man/woman”. The Naïve believe what they are told without checking the matter thoroughly before making a decision sort of like the young man in Proverbs 7. The reason the writer spent so much time talking about the Fool and the Wise is for the student to decide which one he/she will be. Understand this, knowing Proverbs and living them are two different things. Solomon was wise but he was foolish at the same time.
Isaiah 6 – Isaiah’s Vision of the Lord. King Uzziah or Uzias or Azariah died in 739BC which meant Isaiah would prophesy for 50-60 years. The vision that he had would be similar to the one given to John the Revelator. The temple was filled with the Divine Glory of G-d and is the reasoning behind “Holy holy holy”; this reference would appear in Isaiah and again in Revelations. The reasoning behind touching Isaiah’s lip with the coal from the altar was to equip and empower him to tell the nation what the Lord has to say. So the coal that ignites the fire on the altar, the Holy Spirit, would speak vicariously through Isaiah so it would be the words of the Lord to the sinful nation. The reference to “the whole world is full of the glory of G-d” implies that G-d’s dominion was not just over Israel nor the Temple in Israel. Isaiah would prophesy to the nation until the time the nation went into exile in 586. A remnant would return from exile but it would not be the end of the story for the nation. From 539 – 70 BC the nation would be conquered and be under the crown of the Medes, Persia, Syrians, and Greeks until the time of the Herodian Dynasty and the Maccabean revolt 167–160BC (Judas Maccabeus). The last reference was the “Holy Seed” which was the Messiah who would come from the stump of Judah or the “Davidic Kingdom”.
2 Samuel 5:16-25 – David Defeats the Philistines. We are not told why the Philistines went in search of David after he was crowned King of the United Kingdom. Previously David had lived among the Philistines and had defeated their champion, Goliath. You will notice that David first sought G-d’s will before racing off to war. Because he obeyed the Lord’s direction, he was successful in the war. Being put in a place of power is a dangerous thing because we as humans tend to become proud of the prominence afforded us. Consider how Jeroboam, who we will meet later in our readings, received a kingship over 10 tribes and he became very proud and defiant of G-d’s laws. For the most part, people always draw close to the Lord in battle conditions but when the battle is over and won, the same people become obstinate towards the Lord. David listened and obeyed the instructions given to him although they seemed to be “utter nonsense”.